Practice the Accusative with “Der Rosenkavalier”

Fernsehturm, Berlin

Fill in the blanks!

Octavian, der junge Graf (count), liebt die Marschallin.

Die Marschallin liebt den Grafen.

Wen liebt der Graf?

Antwort: _____ ___________ liebt der Graf.

Wen liebt die Marschallin?

Antwort: _____ ___________ liebt die Marschallin.

Die Marschallin is an amorous lady of Austrian nobility with a certain amount of beauty and age. The former provides her with the love of the much younger Graf Octavian, the latter with its loss. In “Der Rosenkavalier” she wakes up with him in her bed, sends him away as Rosenkavalier and loses him to Sophie. The Baron Ochs aus Lerchenau is not young either, but he lacks the Marschallin’s dignity. He wants Sophie and the money of her family, but ultimately gets neither. That’s how the story goes. It was written by Hugo von Hofmannsthal and set into music by Richard Strauss.

At the beginning of the first act, the Marschallin and Octavian wake up in the bedroom. Octavian goes to the curtain. He does not like the light of the day that ends a night of love.


finster = dark

auslachen (sep. verb) = to laugh at

The air is charged with passion and accusatives. Fill in the blanks. Two of these words will be left.

du, der, mich, dich, den, ich, dich


Warum ist Tag? Ich will nicht _____ Tag! Für was ist ______ Tag! Da haben _______ alle! Finster soll sein!

(…Die Marschallin lacht leise.)


Lachst du _______ aus?


Lach’ ich _______ aus?


Der Baron beleidigt Sophie.

beleidigen = to insult

Fill in the right person for Sophie’s preference and distaste in the right case:

der Graf, der Baron

Die Sophie liebt nicht ______ _______, sie liebt ___________.


Following you will read another short quote from the libretti. Please be aware that Austrian noblemen addressed each other with the 3rd person singular.

Fill in the blanks with one imperative and two personal pronouns in accusative. Four words will be left.

ihn, ihr, sich, mich

bist, sei, sind


… das Fräulein mag ________ nicht.


______ er da außer Sorg’. (Sie) wird schon lernen ________ mögen.

Der Graf liebt das Mädchen.

Der Graf beschimpft den Baron und zieht seinen Degen.


Die Leute sehen den Skandal.

Which statement has the same meaning?

Die Leute gehen weg.

Die Leute schauen zu.

Die Leute machen den Skandal.

Der Skandal ___________ die Leute.

Fill in the correct conjugation.

erregen (to excite), erregst, errege, erregt

Der Graf und seine Freunde ___________ den Baron.

Fill in the correct conjugation.

überliste, überlisten (to outfox), überlistet, überlistest

Den Baron __________ die Polizisten.

Fill in the correct conjugation. Please be aware that the Polizisten are plural.

befragen (to question), befragst, befragt, befrage


Fill in the correct verb.

verliert (to lose), verlässt (to leave), küsst (to kiss)

Der Baron __________ das Haus.

Der Graf __________ Sophie.

Sophie __________ das Taschentuch.

Next update: Sunday, September 9th .

Published by


Bernd Hendricks. Born in Duisburg, Germany. Based in Berlin. Writer, German Language Educator. I was six years old when I went to the opera for the first time. My Grandma took me to Hänsel und Gretel at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in Duisburg. The first time I met an opera singer personally was during my time as foreign correspondent in New York when at a Christmas party a baritone pelted me with questions about the language of Zauberflöte. He was preparing for his role as Papageno. After my return to Berlin in September 2010, I have been giving German lessons to singers on their audition tours. My workshops in Berlin, Vienna, and London are based on my widely read book Ach, ich fühl’s—German for Opera Singers in Three Acts: Studying, Speaking, Singing. My latest book, Die Frist ist um—Navigate the Language of 10 German Operas, takes you on a journey through the language of the most popular and often performed operas in the German-speaking countries. I am also the author of several non-fiction books and two novels.

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